Units and Grades

 

Units of Credit

Most University courses are assigned a unit value. One unit represents three hours of work per week by the student, including both class attendance and preparation. Laboratory, discussion, quiz, or review sessions may or may not be given unit value.

UC Berkeley is on the semester unit system; this means the main part of the school year calendar (not including the summer session) is broken up into two parts called “semesters”. Many other schools use the quarter unit system; this means the main part of the school year calendar (not including the summer session) is broken up into three parts called “quarters”. If you should ever need to convert semester units to quarter units, refer to this chart:

 

Unit Conversion Chart

Semester

Quarter

10

15.0

9

13.5

8

12.0

7

10.5

6

9.0

5

7.5

4

6.0

3

4.5

2

3.0

1

1.5

0.5

0.75

 

Maximum Units in Summer

Berkeley Summer Sessions highly recommends a maximum of 10 units per session during Summer Sessions. UC Berkeley students are encouraged to consult their college or major advisers before exceeding the unit recommendation.

 

Grade Points

Each letter grade you get for completing a course is equivalent to a certain number of grade points. Use the chart below for converting letter grades to grade points.

 

Grade Point Conversion Chart

Grades

Points

A+, A

4.0

A-

3.7

B+

3.3

B

3.0

B-

2.7

C+

2.3

C

2.0

C-

1.7

D+

1.3

D

1.0

D-

0.7

F, NP, U

0

 

All grades except I (Incomplete) and IP (In Progress) are considered final. Only courses with a passing grade will count toward degree requirements, unless otherwise specified. A course with an I or IP is not counted toward degree requirements until the I or IP is replaced by a passing grade. The grades of P, S, NP, U, I, and IP carry no grade points, and the units in such courses are not included in grade-point average (GPA) computations.

Grade I (Incomplete)
If your work in a course has been of passing quality but is incomplete for reasons beyond your control (such as extreme illness), you can arrange to receive a grade of “Incomplete” from your instructor, so that you may finish the work during the Fall term.

UC student infoUC Berkeley students are required to complete the work by the first day of instruction of the following Spring semester or the I grade will lapse to either an F or NP and become a part of the GPA computation. Consult the Berkeley Academic Guide for instructions on removing the I grade.

Domestic and international student infoFor visiting students, the I grade is frozen on the transcript unless you become a matriculated undergraduate at UC Berkeley or enroll in a future Summer Session. If by that time you have not met the completion deadline above, the I grade will be converted to an F or NP.

The I grade is not physically replaced or removed from the academic record. Completion of the work is reflected as a subsequent line entry on the record, and the units and grade points earned will be included in subsequent GPA computations.

Grade IP (In Progress)
IP grade can only be assigned to UC Berkeley students because its removal is contingent on enrollment in the course in the next term. Please refer to the Berkeley Academic Guide for more information.

Academic Probation
If you are on probation in the previous spring term, you will remain on probation in subsequent fall term even if you clear your deficit in Summer Sessions. Summer Sessions' grades will be included with Fall grades in the January grade-point averages.

 

Grading Options

You can change the grading option on most letter-graded courses. See this page on changing grading options.